in Addison, Texas
Periodontal (gum) disease is a preventable condition that often causes tooth loss in adults. That's why your trusted team at Addison Grove Dental emphasizes prevention, early detection, treatment, and management of gum disease. Our goal is to help you maintain long-term healthy smiles.
How Does Periodontal Disease Develop?
The leading cause of periodontal disease is poor oral hygiene. When plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, is not cleaned off, the bacteria it houses irritate the gums, causing inflammation, and pulling the gum tissue away from the teeth. The resulting spaces, known as pockets, trap plaque, tartar, and debris, and offer the perfect environment for bacteria to flourish.
While plaque is usually the cause of periodontal disease, there are other contributing factors. Crooked teeth, family history, smoking, and the aging process can also lead to gum disease, as do hormonal changes during pregnancy.
What Are the Stages of Periodontal Disease?
If not treated, gum disease will progress and eventually destroy the bone and tissues supporting the teeth, potentially leading to tooth loss. Following are the stages of gum disease:
- Gingivitis: This early stage of gum disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums. With proper treatment and care, gingivitis is reversible.
- Early Periodontitis: In this stage, a slight loss of the bone that supports the teeth may occur. Once we see bone loss, the disease is not reversible, but we can stabilize the bone loss.
- Moderate Periodontitis: More gum and bone tissue are damaged, and teeth may begin to become loose.
- Advanced Periodontitis: The pockets will deepen, chewing may cause pain, and the teeth may become very loose and eventually fall out.
How Does Gum Disease Affect Your Health?
Periodontal disease affects more than your smile. It can impact your overall health. Studies have uncovered a link between gum disease and various health conditions, including diabetes, heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, and more.
How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?
The most effective treatment for gum disease is known as "scaling and root planing", patients might have heard this procedure be referred to as "deep cleaning". This procedure, coupled with meticulous oral hygiene practices, has been shown to stabilize the periodontal disease. With proper technique, scaling and root planing is painless. Local anesthetics can be provided to make sure the patient is comfortable.
Scaling removes plaque and tartar from your tooth surfaces and below the gum line. Root planing involves cleaning and smoothing the tooth roots to prevent future tartar and bacteria buildup and to help the gum tissue heal and reattach to the root surfaces. If, however, the condition is an advanced stage, we may recommend surgical intervention.
After treatment, you will need to return to our office every three months for periodontal maintenance. That involves cleaning your teeth, measuring your pockets depth and gum recession, and evaluating your gum tissue's health. Our goal is to prevent gum disease from progressing and posing a risk of complications to your oral and overall health.
How Can You Prevent Gum Disease?
Prevention of gum disease comes down to maintaining a daily oral care routine, including twice-daily brushing, flossing once a day, and rinsing with an antiseptic mouthwash. Make sure to consume a healthy, balanced diet, refrain from smoking, and keep an eye out for signs of gum disease. Don't forget to visit Addison Grove Dental every six months for your professional cleanings and routine exams. Maintaining sound oral care habits will ensure you enjoy long-term healthy smiles.
Periodontics Near Me
Contact Addison Grove Dental in Addison, TX, to learn more about keeping your smile healthy and free of gum disease. We encourage you to schedule your routine dental exams and cleanings to allow us to monitor your oral health and address any condition as it arises. Call us today!